Original Research - Special Collection: NWU Africa Conference: Evil spirits in Africa

African spiritual phenomena and the probable influence on African families

Johannes J. Knoetze
In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi | Vol 53, No 4 | a2505 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ids.v53i4.2505 | © 2019 Johannes J. Knoetze | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 07 June 2019 | Published: 29 October 2019

About the author(s)

Johannes J. Knoetze, Unit for Reformational Theology and the Development of the South African Society, Faculty of Theology, North-West University, Mafikeng, South Africa


African spirituality is a holistic concept that stemmed from the historical, cultural and religious heritage of Africa, and includes among others, folktales, beliefs, rituals and culture. African spiritualities must be understood as originated from Africa’s soil, but also developed through contact with people from other countries and continents. The African independent or indigenous churches play an important role in the establishing of African Christian spiritualities. This article distinguishes and gives attention to the influence of African traditional spiritual phenomena as well as a ‘globalised Africa spiritual’ phenomenon on African families. When the influence on African families are discussed, it is done from a Christian point of view, and for this reason the article concludes with the role of the missional church and parents in the spiritual formation of their children.


African traditional religion, spirituality, globalisation, families, missional church


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