Original Research

Eto: A critique of the Aladura healing rituals in Nigeria in light of Jesus’ healing miracles

Solomon O. Ademiluka
In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi | Vol 57, No 1 | a2898 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ids.v57i1.2898 | © 2023 Solomon O. Ademiluka | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 August 2022 | Published: 28 April 2023

About the author(s)

Solomon O. Ademiluka, Department of Biblical and Ancient Studies, Faculty of Human Resources, University of South Africa, Pretoria, South Africa; and, Department of Religious Studies, Faculty of Arts and Humanities, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria


Eto (ritual) stands for the sacred preparations made by Aladura prophets and prophetesses for their clients for therapeutic purposes. The practice of eto shares striking similarities with Yourba traditional methods of medication. But there is the argument that the Aladura healing rituals might as well be an imitation of Jesus’ methods. Therefore, this article examined these rituals in light of Jesus’ use of spittle for healing with a view to ascertaining if they are justified as a Christian practice. Applying the reader-oriented and descriptive methods, the article discovered that apart from the affinities with Jesus’ methods, some people are convinced that the Aladura healing process is divinely directed and efficacious. However, the research also found some healing practices among the Aladura which contradict Christian belief. The essay concluded that barring these abuses, the Aladura healing process is justified as a Christian practice.

Contribution: This research is a contribution in Christian ethics. It postulates that the healing rituals of the Aladura churches in Nigeria could be an acceptable Christian practice if the excesses are avoided.


Aladura healing rituals; Yoruba religion and medicine; Jesus’ healing miracles; saliva and therapy; Christianity in Nigeria


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Crossref Citations

1. Issues of doctrine and reality in Christian attitude towards traditional medicine in Nigeria
Solomon O. Ademiluka
In die Skriflig / In Luce Verbi  vol: 58  issue: 1  year: 2024  
doi: 10.4102/ids.v58i1.3047