Original Research

Die inleidings en opskrifte van die vyf Siriese Apokriewe Psalms

H. F. van Rooy
In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi | Vol 30, No 1 | a1566 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ids.v30i1.1566 | © 1996 H. F. van Rooy | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 June 1996 | Published: 12 June 1996

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H. F. van Rooy,, South Africa

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The existence of the five Syriac Apocryphal Psalms has been known since the eighteenth century. Psalm 151 was included in the Septuagint, whereas Hebrew versions of Psalms 151, 154 and 155 are part of the Psalms Scroll found in Qumran Cave XI. This paper explores the relationship between the headings of these Psalms in different traditions. In the Syriac transmission manuscript 12t4 is of special importance and has a large number of unique readings as well as a number of important marginal notes. There are a number of important differences in the headings of the different traditions. The heading of Psalm 151 in 12t4 was influenced by Athanasius and is also related to the heading in the Septuagint. The heading of Psalm 151 in the other Syriac manuscripts is probably related to a heading in the lost Hebrew Vorlage. The headings of Psalms 152 and 153 are part of an attempt to link these Psalms more closely to Psalm 151 and the Peshitta of 1 Samuel 16 and 17. The relationship between the different headings of Psalms 154 and 155 in 12t4 and the other manuscripts is not easily definable. They are, however, related to the East Syrian headings of canonical Psalms 85 and 86.


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