Original Research

Οίκέταί (huisbediendes) in die eerste-eeuse Grieks-Romeinse samelewing

G. J. van Wyk, F. J. van Rensburg
In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi | Vol 31, No 3 | a1610 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ids.v31i3.1610 | © 1997 G. J. van Wyk, F. J. van Rensburg | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 12 June 1997 | Published: 13 June 1997

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G. J. van Wyk,, South Africa
F. J. van Rensburg,, South Africa

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This article attempts to do the foundational work for a construct of the probable socio-historic context of household servants mentioned in 1 Peter 2:18. The article provides a general perspective of the different social classes, especially the lower classes in the Graeco-Roman society during the first century A.D. It is proposed that not all slaves were part of the lowest level of the social structure and that not all Roman citizens were equal or functioned as part of the top level of the social pyramid. Many slaves were indeed household servants. Some ex­- slaves (freedmen and freedwomen), however, were also classified according to this category. It is possible and probable that some (poor) citizens and (poor) foreigners were household servants.


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