Original Research

De positie en samenstelling van oordelende instanties in het protestants kerkelijk tuchtrecht

Auke Dijkstra
In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi | Vol 57, No 1 | a2918 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/ids.v57i1.2918 | © 2023 Auke Dijkstra | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 19 November 2022 | Published: 29 September 2023

About the author(s)

Auke Dijkstra, Theological University Kampen| Utrecht, Kampen, the, Netherlands

Abstract

The position and composition of judicial authorities in Protestant church disciplinary law. This article discusses the relationship of the position and composition of judicial authorities in the church (disciplinary) law of the Nederlandse Gereformeerde Kerken to the position and composition of judicial authorities in: (1) the church law of the Protestantse Kerk in Nederland and the Gereformeerde Gemeenten and (2) the disciplinary law of lawyers, medics and bankers. The issue of who is authorised to take disciplinary action has been the subject of debate in secular disciplinary law. This article shows that these themes are also relevant to church disciplinary law. There are significant differences between the arrangements in the compared forms of disciplinary law. This article provides an analysis of the similarities and differences. It concludes that the differences can be partly explained, but that from a theological point of view there are also reasons to introduce additional safeguards for a prudent and careful disciplinary procedure in church law. To this end, the article contains a number of recommendations.

Contribution: This article clarifies the position and composition of judicial authorities in Protestant church disciplinary law and its theological backgrounds, and also provides recommendations from a (disciplinary) comparative law perspective with other groups. These recommendations are relevant to church law practice.


Keywords

Church discipline; disciplinary colleges; church law comparison; right to a fair process; recommendations.

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions

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